The recency ratio as predictor of early MCI


Bruno D, Koscik RL, Woodard JL, Pomara N, Johnson SC

International Psychogeriatrics. 2018 Apr 18:1-6. doi: 10.1017/S1041610218000467. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) present poor immediate primacy recall accompanied by intact or exaggerated recency, which then tends to decline after a delay. Bruno et al. (Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 38, 2016, pp. 967-973) have shown that higher ratio scores between immediate and delayed recency (i.e. the recency ratio; Rr) are associated with cognitive decline in high-functioning older individuals. We tested whether Rr predicted conversion to early mild cognitive impairment (early MCI) from a cognitively healthy baseline.DESIGN: Data were analyzed longitudinally with binomial regression. Baseline scores were used to predict conversion to early MCI after approximately nine years. SETTING: Data were collected at the Wisconsin Registry of Alzheimer's Prevention, in Madison, Wisconsin. PARTICIPANTS: For the study, 427 individuals were included in the analysis; all participants were 50 years of age or older and cognitively intact at baseline, and were native English speakers. MEASUREMENTS: Memory data were collected using the Rey's Auditory Verbal Learning Test, and the early MCI diagnosis was obtained via consensus conference. RESULTS: Our results showed that higher Rr scores are correlated with greater risk of later early MCI diagnosis, and this association is independent of total recall performance. CONCLUSIONS: Rr is an emerging cognitive marker of cognitive decline.

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